Regular maintenance will keep a truck running in top condition and help prevent accidents. The following is a checklist of several items that need to be regularly inspected in every truck to keep it running smoothly.
Properly inflated tires is one of the most important items on a trucks maintenance checklist. Over inflated tires are also a safety risk since they are more susceptible to blowing out. When inspecting tire pressure also look for cracks in the rims and wheels.
Front brakes will last about 30,000 miles while rear brakes will last approximately 60,000. Generally, maintenance for brakes depends on how often they’re used. A truck on the highway may only use the brakes a few times a day while a refuse truck may brake over a hundred times each day.
3. Engine Belts
Belts that break while the vehicle is in motion can seriously damage the engine. Most owners’ manuals will give approximate times regarding how often belts should be changed or checked. Most belts should be checked about every 25,000 miles.
Steering can be just as crucial as braking when it comes to safety. The kind of steering a truck has will determine specific maintenance needs. A few things to keep in mind include having the steering column examined and checking power steering fluid.
When checking oil the truck should be parked on even ground and not on a slope. If checking the oil at operating temperature, the engine should be shut off for 10 to 15 minutes. Oil should be checked at least once a month, probably more often if a lot of miles are being put on the truck.
Keeping a battery well maintained is one of the best ways to keep from being towed. Batteries usually last about 3 to 4 years and often give no indication they’re about to die. It’s a good idea to keep the battery and the cables clean and corrosion-free. Always have the battery tested before an extensive trip.
Turn signals, headlights, and brake lights may not seem as important as some of the previous items, but can make a big difference regarding safety. There is special equipment now that can be used to make sure headlights are aimed correctly.